Following the national development and reform commission,the ministry of environmental protection and the ministry of commerce have also responded to the shortage of natural gas supply from their respective perspectives.On 7 December,Beijing business newspaper reporter learns from within,the ministry has XiangJing beijing-tianjin-hebei"2+26"city and the surrounding region issued"about please get loose coal comprehensive governance to ensure that the masses of warm winter work"very urgent,clear coal to gas(electric)and local unfinished project,continue to use the past coal-fired heating or other alternatives.At a regular press conference held by the ministry of commerce on the same day,ministry of commerce spokesperson gao feng also made clear that China actively supports enterprises to diversify their imports of overseas natural gas resources.However,in the view of the industry,the construction of gas storage facilities and even the reform of the whole oil and gas system are relatively slow,which is the core problem in the process of China's natural gas supply.
Joint effort to secure supply
With the continuous improvement of China's energy structure adjustment,the role of natural gas in energy consumption has been increasingly strengthened,and its role in heating and power supply has been continuously increased.
However,the ministry of environmental protection issued this document also pointed out that recently,the ministry of environmental protection in the verification found some areas heating season gas source shortage and other problems.As a result,the document says,projects that have already been completed and localities must ensure steady supply of gas,power and prices as they push forward efforts to clean up loose coal.
On the same day,gaofeng also clarified the attitude of guaranteeing natural gas supply from the perspective of import."China attaches great importance to the guarantee of natural gas supply,and actively supports enterprises to diversify the import of overseas natural gas resources while increasing domestic natural gas production".China's natural gas import capacity and level are expected to be further improved as new cross-border natural gas pipelines,coastal liquefied natural gas terminals and other infrastructure are put into operation,gaofeng said.
On the other hand,the national development and reform commission(NDRC),the pricing agency,has also begun to tighten regulation of gas supply prices.Data show that the ex-factory price of liquefied natural gas in China has risen sharply in a short period of time,reaching a record high of 9,400 yuan per ton on December 1,while the market price of this product is only 4,337 yuan per ton at the end of October,according to the national bureau of statistics.Beijing business newspaper reporter learns from within,the national development and reform commission has been distributed to the more development and reform commission(bureau)on the deployment of a liquefied natural gas price laws,regulations and policies related to remind warning would notice,clear to the enterprises and related social organizations of liquefied natural gas(LNG)remind warned:consciously abide by laws and regulations,prices maintain industry price order,shall not fabricate statements to distribute price information,not hoarding bid up the price,shall not abuse their dominant market position,not monopoly agreement,etc.
The key role of energy restructuring
The relatively clean nature of natural gas really makes the energy started to People's Daily life,the production and operation of enterprises and other fields of accelerated penetration,market demand continued to increase.The national energy administration has published an article saying that in the context of tighter resource and environmental constraints,the green transformation of energy is increasingly urgent,which requires a substantial increase in the proportion of natural gas.In June this year,the national development and reform commission,the national energy administration and other 13 ministries and commissions jointly issued the opinions on accelerating the use of natural gas,making it clear that natural gas will gradually become one of the main energy sources in China's modern clean energy consumption system.According to the national development and reform commission,China's natural gas output in the first 10 months of this year reached 121.2 billion cubic meters,up 11.2 percent year on year.Natural gas imports reached 72.2 billion cubic meters,up 27.5 percent;Natural gas consumption is up 18.7 percent to 1865 billion cubic meters.
With the continuous improvement of China's natural gas consumption level,imported natural gas has become an important source of natural gas supply in China,gao feng said.According to customs statistics,China imported 54.165 million tons of natural gas in the first 10 months of this year,up 24.9 percent year on year.Among them,2.05 million tons of gas gas,up 5.9%year on year;LNG was 29.092 million tons,a record high and up 47.7 percent year on year.
The increase in natural gas consumption has also witnessed the adjustment of energy structure in different regions.In Beijing,for example,Beijing statistical yearbook,according to the data published in 2010-2016,the total energy consumption in Beijing from 63.595 million tons of standard coal rose to 69.617 million tons of standard coal,the proportion of coal product consumption has fallen from 29.6%to 9.8%,dropped more than sixty percent,while natural gas consumption accounted for all the way from 14.6%to 31.7%,increase has reached about fifty percent.
Gas storage capacity and institutional reform
"It is still necessary to accelerate the reform of the oil and gas system and improve the design of the market mechanism for gas storage,"he said.Industry experts speak frankly.
In August,the national energy administration departments such as oil and gas company issued"China's natural gas development report 2017,"said,compared with Europe and the United States developed countries,China's natural gas pipeline and the construction of underground gas storage,there is still a large gap at the end of last year,per square km land area in our country the corresponding pipeline mileage is about 70 kilometers,equivalent to only 12%in the United States,the underground gas storage form work volume of 6.4 billion cubic meters,only accounts for 3.1%of consumption,well below the world average of 10%.Han xiaoping,chief information officer of China energy network,further introduced that at present,the proportion of gas storage level in the consumption level of Europe has reached 15 percent,the United States,Russia,the two major natural gas producers,gas storage volume has reached 120 billion,70 billion cubic meters,respectively,accounting for 15.4 percent,18.8 percent of the consumption.The national development and reform commission has also said publicly that China's gas storage facilities have been slow to build,peak capacity is insufficient,the urgent need to encourage investment in the construction of gas storage facilities,to enhance the gas supply security capacity.
Falcon,said gas production costs are higher than that of coal,and natural gas pipeline construction level needs to be improved,along the waste rate is higher than coal transport waste rate,gas enterprise profitability is not ideal,whether to need to continue to natural gas enterprise subsidies,how to balance between gas enterprise's benefits and subsidies,is around one of the problems facing the reform.
Chinese oil group,wang deputy director of the policy research office of the previous article also pointed out that the current pricing system in our country did not reflect the price of gas storage costs alone subjects,gas storage is faced with a return on investment channel impeded,lack of market mechanism,cost compensation and benefit evaluation mechanism is not clear,have severely hindered development of commercial operation of gas storage.
Han xiaoping bluntly,the construction of gas storage facilities behind the slow progress highlights the oil and gas system reform implementation efficiency is not ideal.After several defaults,in May this year,China issued several opinions on deepening the reform of the petroleum and natural gas system,forming the most comprehensive and three-dimensional guiding document issued since China proposed a new round of oil and gas reform in 2014.But experts also said that reform is essentially to let go of oil and gas of oil and gas in various areas of the middle and lower reaches,on market access and prices,and break down barriers to tilt to state-owned enterprises,control of what was to allow more capital into the oil and gas industry,but the basic oil and gas fields in China are state-owned monopolies,to make state-owned enterprises to private companies,profit-sharing,may also need to pass a relatively long process.